logo-01

Kutsimikizira Zaka

Kuti mugwiritse ntchito tsamba la Alphagreenvape muyenera kukhala wazaka 21 kapena kupitilira apo. Chonde tsimikizani zaka zanu musanalowe patsamba lino.

Timagwiritsa ntchito ma cookie kukonza tsamba lathu komanso momwe mumazunzikira mukamasakatula. Mukapitiliza kusakatula tsamba lathu lawebusayiti mumavomereza mfundo zathu za makeke.

Pepani, zaka zanu siziloledwa.

Kodi ndudu zamagetsi zitha kuthandiza anthu kusiya kusuta?

Meyi 31 adzabweretsa tsiku la 33 la World No Fodya. Mutu wotsatsa wa chaka chino ndi "Tetezani achinyamata kuti asatengere fodya wam'manja komanso ndudu zamagetsi." "Chidule cha" Healthy China 2030 "Plan" chikuwonetsa cholinga chothana ndi fodya "pofika chaka cha 2030, kuchuluka kwa osuta fodya kwa anthu opitilira zaka 15 kuyenera kuchepetsedwa kufika pa 20%". Zotsatira za Kafukufuku wa Fodya wa Akuluakulu ku China 2018 adawonetsa kuti kusuta komwe kulipo kwa anthu opitilira zaka 15 mdziko langa ndi 26.6%; 22.2% ya omwe amasuta tsiku ndi tsiku amayamba kusuta tsiku lililonse asanakwanitse zaka 18. Kuti akwaniritse cholinga chochepetsa kuchuluka kwa kusuta, ndichinsinsi chopewa achinyamata omwe sanasutebe kuti ayambe kusuta.

Pakadali pano, ngakhale lingaliro loti kusuta ndiyovulaza thanzi lakhazikika kwambiri m'mitima ya anthu, ma e-fodya agwiritsa ntchito zoperewera zawo ndikugwiritsa ntchito ntchito za "kuyeretsa mapapu", "kusiya kusuta"komanso" osamwa "phukusi ndi hype, ponena kuti ndudu za e-e zilibe phula ndi kuyimitsidwa. Zosakaniza zovulaza monga tinthu titha kuthandizira kusiya kusuta, koma ndi zoona?

E-ndudu si mankhwala abwino kusiya kusuta

E-ndudu ndi njira zosayaka moto kuposa ndudu. Amadziwika kuti ndi njira zina m'malo mwa ndudu zachikhalidwe, koma sikuti sangangothandizakusiya kusuta, amathanso kupangitsa kuti azikhala osuta kwambiri chifukwa cha chikonga. Kafukufuku wochokera ku World Health Organisation awonetsa kuti aerosol ya e-ndudu imakhala ndi zinthu zowopsa monga chikonga ndipo imapanga tinthu tating'onoting'ono tating'onoting'ono. Chikonga chomwecho chimasokoneza ndipo chimatha kuyambitsa matenda amtima. Ngakhale kudya pang'ono kungalepheretse kukula kwa ubongo wa mwana ndikuwononga ubongo wa ana. Kuphatikiza apo, ngati chida cha e-ndudu chimatenthedwa mwachangu kwambiri, chimayambitsa mankhwala oopsa kwambiri otchedwa acrolein sizomwe zimangowononga diso, komanso zimatha kuyambitsa khansa. Kuphatikiza apo, ma e-fodya amakumananso ndi vuto la utsi wachiwiri. Chikonga, tinthu tating'onoting'ono, propylene glycol, glycerin ndi zinthu zina zapoizoni zimatha kulowa m'malo akunja kudzera mu utsi wa e-ndudu (utsi womwe umatuluka mthupi la munthu), ngakhale zili zochepa poyerekeza ndi fodya wachikhalidwe. Komabe, kusamvetsetsa kwamomwe anthu amagwiritsira ntchito ndudu za e-fodya kumakulitsa chidwi cha omwe samasuta ndi chikonga ndi zinthu zina za poizoni.

Mu Julayi 2019, World Health Organisation idatulutsa "Global Tobacco Epidemic Report 2019", yomwe idafotokoza momveka bwino kuti: E-ndudu zili ndi umboni wocheperako ngati njira yodziletsa, ndipo kafukufuku wokhudzana ndi izi satsimikizika, sangathe kumvetsetsa, ndikuwonjezeka Maumboni ambiri akuwonetsa kuti m'malo ena, achinyamata omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndudu za e-fodya amatha kuyamba kugwiritsa ntchito ndudu zachikhalidwe mtsogolo.

Kuchuluka kwa ma e-fodya, sitepe ndi sitepe yolunjika kwa achinyamata

Zambiri zochokera ku 2018 China Ault Fodya Survey zikuwonetsa kuti anthu ambiri omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndudu za fodya ndi achinyamata, ndipo kuchuluka kwa ndudu za e-fodya pakati pa anthu azaka zapakati pa 15-24 ndi 1.5%. Tiyenera kudziwa kuti kuchuluka kwa anthu omwe adamva za e-ndudu, omwe adagwiritsa ntchito ndudu za e-fodya kale, ndipo tsopano azigwiritsa ntchito zonse zawonjezeka poyerekeza ndi 2015.

Ena opanga ndudu za e-fodya amakopa achinyamata powapatsa mafuta osiyanasiyana a utsi, monga kununkhira kwa fodya, kununkhira kwa zipatso, kukoma kwa chingamu, kukoma kwa chokoleti, ndi kununkhira kwa zonona. Achinyamata ambiri amasokeretsedwa ndi kutsatsa ndipo amakhulupirira kuti ndudu zamagetsi "ndizosangalatsa komanso zopanga zosangalatsa". Sangogula omwe adzawatengere koyambirira, komanso amawalangiza kwa abwenzi. Chifukwa chake "kusuta" kwamtunduwu kwatchuka pang'onopang'ono pakati pa achinyamata.

Koma, zinthu zomwe zimapangidwa ndi e-ndudu ndizovuta kwambiri. Kafukufuku wapano wazinthu zamafodya a e-fodya ndi osakwanira, ndipo kuyang'anira msika kukucheperachepera. Ndudu zina za e "ndizopanda zitatu" popanda miyezo yazogulitsa, kuyang'anira bwino, komanso kuwunika chitetezo. Imaika chiwopsezo chachikulu chobisalira thanzi la ogula. Komabe, motsogozedwa ndi zokonda, pali ena ambiri osavomerezeka omwe amagulitsa e-ndudu pa intaneti. Posachedwa, pali malipoti akuti ogula agwiritsa ntchito e-ndudu zopanga cannabinoids (mankhwala osokoneza bongo, omwe amadziwika kuti ndi mankhwala mdziko langa). Ndi momwe zinthu ziliri ndi chithandizo chamankhwala.

Pochita ndi ma e-fodya, dzikolo likuchitapo kanthu

Mu Ogasiti 2018, State Fodya Monopoly Administration ndi State Administration for Market Regulation adapereka chidziwitso choletsa kugulitsa ndudu zamagetsi kwa ana. Mu Novembala 2019, State Tobacco Monopoly Administration ndi State Administration for Market Administration adatulutsa "Chidziwitso cha Kupitiliza Kuteteza Achichepere ku Ndudu Zamagetsi", chofunsa mabungwe osiyanasiyana kuti asagulitse ndudu zamagetsi kwa ana; kulimbikitsa makampani ogulitsa ndi Ogulitsa kapena anthu kutseka masamba a intaneti a e-cigarette kapena makasitomala munthawi yake, nsanja za e-commerce mwachangu zimatseka malo ogulitsira ndudu ndikuchotsa mankhwala a e-fodya munthawi yake, kupanga e-ndudu ndi makampani ogulitsa kapena anthu amasiya zotsatsa za e-fodya zomwe zimayikidwa pa intaneti, ndi zina zambiri.


Post nthawi: Dis-30-2020