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Cochrane, bungwe lovomerezeka lazachipatala padziko lonse: E-ndudu zimatha kusiya kusuta, ndipo zotsatira zake zimalowetsa mankhwala ena

Pa Okutobala 15, Cochrane Collaboration (Cochrane Collaboration, yomwe pano idzatchedwa Cochrane), bungwe lovomerezeka padziko lonse lapansi lazamankhwala opereka umboni, adawonetsa pakufufuza kwawo kwaposachedwa kuti ma 50 majors adachitidwa pa osuta achikulire oposa 10,000 padziko lonse lapansi Studies have zatsimikizira kuti e-ndudu zimatha chifukwa chosiya kusuta, komanso zotsatira za kupitirizabe kwa mankhwala osokoneza bongo a nicotine ndi njira zina.

Cochrane akufotokoza kuti zotsatira zakugwiritsa ntchito chikonga e-ndudu kusiya kusuta ndikwabwino kuposa kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo a e-nicotine ndi e-ndudu zomwe siziphatikiza chikonga.

Pulofesa Peter Hajek, wolemba nawo za kuwunika kwa Cochrane komanso director of the Tobacco Dependence Research Group ku Queen Mary University ku London, adati: "Chidule chatsopano cha e-ndudu chikuwonetsa kuti kwa osuta ambiri, e-ndudu ndi chida chothandiza kusiya kusuta. Ndikofunikanso kudziwa kuti, Kwa zaka ziwiri, palibe kafukufuku ameneyu adapeza umboni uliwonse wosonyeza kuti kugwiritsa ntchito ndudu zamagetsi kumavulaza anthu. ”

Poyerekeza ndi mankhwala ena, ndudu e-ndudu zimatha kusiya kusuta kwambiri.

Yakhazikitsidwa mu 1993, Cochrane ndi bungwe lopanda phindu lomwe limatchedwa kukumbukira Archiebald L. Cochrane, yemwe anayambitsa mankhwala opangira umboni. Ndilo bungwe lovomerezeka lokhala ndi umboni wovomerezeka padziko lonse lapansi. Pakadali pano, ili ndi odzipereka oposa 37,000 m'maiko oposa 170. Chimodzi.

Zomwe zimatchedwa mankhwala ozikidwa paumboni, ndiye kuti, mankhwala ozikidwa pa umboni wosasinthika, ndi osiyana ndi mankhwala amwambo ozikidwa pamankhwala opatsa mphamvu. Zisankho zazikulu zamankhwala ziyenera kutengera umboni wabwino kwambiri wasayansi. Chifukwa chake, kafukufuku wazamankhwala omwe ali ndi umboni amachititsanso mayeso oyeserera mosiyanasiyana, kuwunika mwatsatanetsatane, kusanthula meta, ndikugawana umboni womwe wapezeka molingana ndi miyezo, yomwe ndi yovuta kwambiri.

Pakafukufukuyu, Cochrane adapeza maphunziro 50 ochokera kumayiko 13 kuphatikiza United States ndi United Kingdom, okhudzana ndi osuta 12,430 achikulire. Zawonetsedwa kuti pogwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo a nicotine (monga zigamba za chikonga, chingamu cha chikonga) kapena magalasi a e-fodya omwe samasuta chikonga, anthu ambiri amagwiritsa ntchito ndudu za fodya kuti asiye kusuta kwa miyezi isanu ndi umodzi.

 

Reuters adalemba zotsatira zakufufuza kwathunthu kwa Cochrane: "Ndemanga yomwe yapezeka: yomwe ili pamangamu kapena pachimake, e-ndudu ndiyothandiza kwambiri pakusiya kusuta."

Makamaka pazomwe zawerengedwa, zowerengedwa kwathunthu, anthu 10 mwa anthu 100 aliwonse omwe asiya kusuta pogwiritsa ntchito nikotini e-ndudu amatha kusiya kusuta; Mwa anthu 100 aliwonse omwe asiya kugwiritsa ntchito mankhwala osokoneza bongo a e-nicotine kapena e-fodya omwe samachotsa chikonga, anthu 6 okha ndi omwe amatha kusiya kusuta, poyerekeza ndi mankhwala ena, ndudu za e-nicotine zimatha kusiya.

Nkhaniyi, m'modzi mwa omwe adalemba mwachidule, Pulofesa Caitlin Notley waku University of East Anglia ku Norwich School of Medicine ku UK, adati: "Njira imodzi yothandiza kwambiri komanso yothandiza kwambiri yothandiza anthu kusiya kusuta ndiyo kuthetsa kusuta- zolakalaka zokhudzana. E-ndudu ndi chingamu chingamu ndi zomata Wothandizirayo ndi wosiyana. Zimatsanzira zomwe zimachitikira kusuta ndipo zimatha kupatsa osuta nikotini, koma sizimapangitsa ogwiritsa ntchito ndi ena kusuta fodya wachikhalidwe.

Kuvomerezana kwasayansi pa e-ndudu ndikuti ngakhale e-ndudu sizowopsa pachiwopsezo, sizowopsa kuposa ndudu. "Cochrane Fodya Addiction Team" idatinso "umboni womwe ulipo ukuwonetsa kuti ndudu za e-ndudu ndi zina zomwe zimalowa m'malo mwa chikonga zimawonjezera mwayi wosiya kusuta." Jamie Hartmann-Boyce adati. Iyenso ndi m'modzi mwa omwe adalemba kafukufuku waposachedwa.

Kafukufuku wambiri amatsimikizira: Anthu mamiliyoni 1.3 ku UK atha kusiya kusuta ndi e-ndudu

M'malo mwake, kuphatikiza pa Cochrane, mabungwe ambiri ovomerezeka azachipatala padziko lapansi asinthidwa kukhala mutu woyenera wa "kutha kwa e-ndudu bwino" m'magulu osiyanasiyana.

Ofufuza kuchokera ku Yunivesite ya New York ku United States apeza kuti poyerekeza ndi ogwiritsa ntchito omwe sanagwiritsepo ntchito ndudu za e-fodya, kugwiritsa ntchito ndudu za e-fodya tsiku ndi tsiku kumatha kuthandiza osuta posachedwa (

Kumayambiriro kwa chaka chatha, kafukufuku wodziyimira pawokha wa University College London (University College London) adawonetsa kuti ma e-fodya amathandizira ogwiritsa ntchito ndudu a 50,000 mpaka 70,000 ku UK kuti asiye kusuta chaka chilichonse. Lipoti laposachedwa kuchokera ku Dipatimenti Yathanzi ku United Kingdom likuwonetsanso kuti anthu osachepera 1.3 miliyoni adasiya ndudu kwathunthu chifukwa cha ndudu za e-fodya.

Zotsatira zakufufuza zomwe zidasindikizidwa ndi University College London m'magazini yotchuka yapadziko lonse ya Addiction zidawonetsa kuti e-ndudu zathandiza osuta aku Britain osachepera 50,000 kusiya kusuta bwino pachaka.

Ponena za nkhawa za anthu pazowopsa za ndudu za e-fodya, a John Britton, Pulofesa Emeritus wa Matenda Opuma ku Yunivesite ya Nottingham, UK, adati: maumboni onse tsopano akuwonetsa kuti zovuta zilizonse zomwe zimachitika pakutha kwa ndudu za e-fodya ndizochepa kwambiri kuposa ndudu. ”

Asanachitike komanso atatha zaka ziwiri kutsatira, palibe umboni womwe udapezeka kuti ndudu zamagetsi zimawononga thupi la munthu.


Post nthawi: Jan-14-2021