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Kutsimikizira Zaka

Kuti mugwiritse ntchito tsamba la Alphagreenvape muyenera kukhala wazaka 21 kapena kupitilira apo. Chonde tsimikizani zaka zanu musanalowe patsamba lino.

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Kusuta fodya kwakhala kofala padziko lonse lapansi, ndipo kufunikira kwa ndudu zamagetsi "zochepetsa kuvulaza" zikuwonekera

Pakadali pano, pomwe anthu akupitilizabe kukhala ndi moyo wathanzi, mayiko padziko lonse lapansi akuchepetsa ndudu zachikhalidwe. Mwa mamembala 194 a WHO, mamembala 181 avomereza Mgwirizano Wamalamulo paKusuta Fodya, yokhudza 90% ya anthu padziko lonse lapansi. Mayiko pang'onopang'ono akukhazikitsa njira zawo zochepetsera utsi kapena ngakhale njira zopanda utsi.

Koma zowonadi zosatsutsika, pakadali pano pali osuta pafupifupi miliyoni biliyoni padziko lapansi. Ngati palibe njira zina kapena zowonjezera pazinthu zina zomwe zimapatsa ogwiritsa ntchito ndudu zachikhalidwe zosankha zambiri, zingakhale zovuta kwambiri kuti muchepetse kuchuluka kwa osuta kapena mapulani opanda utsi opangidwa ndi mayiko osiyanasiyana. Kupezeka kwa zinthu zamagetsi zamagetsi kwadzaza malowa mwanjira ina.

Pakadali pano, padziko lonse lapansi ndudu ya fodyaZogulitsa zitha kugawidwa m'magulu awiri: wopanda utsi komanso wopanda utsi malinga ndi momwe amagwiritsidwira ntchito. Pakati pawo, pali zinthu za utsi molingana ndi momwe amagwirira ntchito, zomwe zitha kugawidwa m'magulu awiri: ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi ndi ndudu zamagetsi zopanda kutentha (HNB). Ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi zimatulutsa mpweya kudzera m'madzi atomizing oti anthu azisuta; Ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi za HNB zimatulutsa mpweya potenthetsa fodya, yomwe ili pafupi kwambiri ndi utsi weniweni. Pankhaniyi, ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi ndizosiyana kwambiri ndi ndudu zachikhalidwe. Ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi za HNB zimangosiyana ndi momwe amapangira utsi.

Chifukwa chake, mwanjira imeneyi, ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi zomwe zimayimira ndudu zamagetsi. Mu lipotili, pokhapokha ngati zafotokozedweratu, mankhwala a ndudu zamagetsi ndi ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi.

Kuchepetsa kuvulaza”Ndimtengo wamsika wa ndudu zamagetsi

Kuyambira pomwe idakhazikitsidwa mu 2003, ndudu ya fodyamankhwala ndakhala zaka zoposa khumi chitukuko. Mawonekedwe mankhwala wakhala kwambiri wangwiro, ndi ntchito ndi zinachitikira akhala mosalekeza bwino. Makamaka, mikhalidwe ya "kuchepetsa mavuto" andudu za e-e tayamba kupeza msika ndi kudziwika pang'onopang'ono.

Poyerekeza ndi ndudu zachikhalidwe, ndudu zamagetsi sizimawotcha, zilibe phula, ndipo mulibe zoposa 460 zamagetsi zomwe zimatha kuyambitsa matenda am'mapapo ndi mtima pomwe ndudu wamba zimawotchedwa, potero zimachotsa ma carcinogen mu ndudu wamba. .

Kafukufuku wa CDC ku United States amakhulupirira kuti zomwe zili mu nitrosamine metabolite NNAL ya fodya mkodzo wa ogwiritsa ntchito nebulized / vapor e-cigarette (ENDS) ndiotsika kwambiri, omwe ndi 2.2% a omwe amasuta ndudu ndi 0.6% ya fodya wopanda utsi ogwiritsa. Nitrosamines omwe amadziwika ndi fodya ndi omwe amayambitsa khansa mufodya. Bungwe lazachipatala ku Britain linanenanso kuti poyerekeza ndi ndudu zachikhalidwe, zitha kuchepetsa mavuto azaumoyo osachepera 95%. Titha kunena kuti kutsutsana pakati pazofuna zaumoyo za omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndudu zachikhalidwe ndi zowawa zakuletsa kusuta kwathetsedwa pamlingo waukulu.

Pan Helin, wamkulu wa Institute of Digital Economy ku Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, adati "kuchepetsa kuvulaza" mawonekedwe a e-ndudu ndiye phindu lake lalikulu, ndipo msika uli ndi kufunikira koteroko, motero chitukuko chake ndichachangu . Ndipo Yao Jianming, pulofesa ku Sukulu Yabizinesi Yunivesite ya Renmin ku China, adati zopangira ndudu za e-fodya ndizopangika kwambiri ndipo zitha kuchitidwa moyenera, zomwe ndizofunikanso pagulu.

Ndudu za e-e zitha kuchepetsa mtengo wazachipatala

Matenda ndi mavuto azachuma omwe amabwera chifukwa cha kusuta nthawi zonse amakhala chidwi cha anthu. Malinga ndi lipoti la 2018 lolembedwa ndi Action for Smoking and Health ku United Kingdom, ndalama zomwe UK amawononga pachaka chifukwa chosuta zidafika mapaundi mabiliyoni a 12.6, kuphatikiza a British National Health Service (NHS) pazithandizo zamankhwala ndi zaumoyo pafupifupi mapaundi biliyoni 2.5.

Ku United States, malinga ndi nkhani ya "Annual Healthcare Spending Attributable to Figarette Smoking: An Update" yomwe idasindikizidwa mu 2014 ndi American Journal of Preventive Medicine, kuwunika momwe ndalama zimayendera kuyambira 2006 mpaka 2010 zidapeza kuti 8.7% ya ndalama zomwe amawononga pachaka United States itha kutenga nawo mbali pakusuta, mpaka madola 170 biliyoni aku US pachaka; ndalama zopitilira 60% zimaperekedwa ndi mapulogalamu aboma.

Ku China, lipoti la National Health Development Research Center la National Health Commission linanena kuti mavuto azachuma a matenda okhudzana ndi fodya mdziko langa ku 2018 anali 3.8 trilioni yuan, yofanana ndi 4.12% ya GDP ya chaka chimenecho; mwa iwo, 83.35% inali yolemetsa yachuma, ndiye kuti Kutaya zokolola, kuphatikiza kulumala komanso kufa msanga.

Nthawi yomweyo, matenda okhudzana ndi fodya amawononga pafupifupi 15% yazithandizo zaku dziko langa. Ngati chiwoneka ngati matenda, ndiye kuti chitha kuwerengedwa chachiwiri.

Chifukwa chake, pochepetsa kuchuluka kwa omwe amasuta ndudu kudzera mu e-ndudu, ndalama zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito kuchipatala komanso zolipira zina zitsitsidwa moyenera. British Health Organisation idapeza kuti e-ndudu zitha kukulitsa kuchuluka kwa kusuta kwa pafupifupi 50%. Ichi ndichifukwa chake UK ili ndi malingaliro abwino pazogulitsa za e-fodya kuposa US. United Kingdom ndi United States ndi omwe amagwiritsa ntchito ndudu zamagetsi zamagetsi padziko lapansi. United Kingdom imathandizira ndudu za e-fodya ngati chida cha omwe amasuta fodya kuti asiye kusuta kapena kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa ndudu zachikhalidwe.

"Chingwe cha mafakitale + mtundu" wamagudumu awiri kuti apange phindu pamafakitale

Malinga ndi momwe zinthu zikuyendera padziko lonse lapansi, msika wa e-cigarette ukupitilizabe kukula ndipo gawo lake likukulirakulirabe. Makampani anayi akuluakulu padziko lonse lapansi, a Philip Morris International, aku Britain American Fodya, aku Japan Fodya, ndi a Imperial Fodya amakhala pamsikawu pakupeza ndikukhazikitsa zopangira zawo; Pakadali pano, zinthu zake za e-cigarette (kuphatikiza ma e-fodya, ma HNB e-ndudu) zimawerengera kuchuluka kwa ndalama Zafika 18.7%, 4.36%, 3.17%, 3.56% motsatana, zikuwonetsa kukwera.

Ngakhale makampani aku China a e-ndudu adayamba mochedwa, ali ndi zabwino munthawi yamafakitale. Makampani aku China a e-ndudu ali pamalo otsogola pakati komanso kumtunda kwa unyolo wamafakitale. Pakadali pano, apanga mndandanda wathunthu wamafuta kuchokera kwa ogulitsa zinthu zopangira kumtunda kuti apange opanga e-ndudu ndi opanga, ndi makampani ogulitsa otsika. Izi ndizothandiza kuchititsa kuti zinthu zizigwiritsidwa ntchito mwachangu ndi makampani aku China a e-ndudu ndikuzindikira njira yopangira R & D, kapangidwe ndi kapangidwe kake.

Nthawi yomweyo, chifukwa e-ndudu zachidziwikire zimayendetsedwa ndi ukadaulo ndi zogulitsa, ndipo makampani aku China amakonda kulipira chidwi kwa ogula, izi zimasinthidwa kukhala zabwino zamtundu wa ndudu zaku China zaku China, zomwe zitha kutha msanga kumvetsetsa zakumwa m'magulu osiyanasiyana azachuma komanso miyambo yakunja. Zosowa. Yao Jianming akukhulupirira kuti mayikidwe adziko lonse lapansi ayenera kutsatira chikhalidwe, miyambo, ndi zina zambiri, kuti atsegule msika wapadziko lonse lapansi.

Kwa makampani aku China omwe amasuta ndudu omwe asintha kuchokera kumakampani apaintaneti, atha kuyendetsedwa ndi luso la ogwiritsa ntchito, ali bwino pakuphatikizika kwa mafakitale, ndipo zogulitsa zawo zitha kuyambiranso mwachangu, zomwe zikuwoneka kuti zikuthandizira kukulitsa msika wapadziko lonse lapansi. Pakadali pano, RELX, mtsogoleri pantchito iyi ku China, ali ndi ndalama zakunja komwe amakhala ndi 25% ya ndalama zake zonse ndipo zikukulabe.

Chifukwa chake, mosiyana ndi ma smartphone monga Xiaomi ndi Huawei, omwe atha kupanga zopindulitsa pamtundu wamsika wanyumba ndi ogulitsira asanapite kutsidya kwa nyanja, ma e-fodya aku China alibe mikhalidwe yotereyi chifukwa cha mfundo. Ngati pankhaniyi, ngati kuwongolera kuli koyenera, ndipo mtundu wa e-ndudu waku China ukadali ndi chidziwitso chazidziwitso zakunja, zitha kukhala zabwino kuti mitundu ina yaku China ipite kunja.

Mwanjira imeneyi, kudalira "zoyendetsa mafakitale + mtundu" wamagudumu awiri azitha kukwaniritsa kupititsa patsogolo mtengo wamafodya aku China pamakampani apadziko lonse lapansi.

Thandizo loyenera lazogulitsa ma e-ndudu kuti lipititse patsogolo malonda awo akunja

Kutengera mtundu wapadera wa mafakitale ku China, msika wapano wa e-ndudu wapanga mtundu wa "Wopangidwa ku China, Kugwiritsa Ntchito ku Europe ndi America". Mu 2018, ndudu zamagetsi zopangidwa ku China zimawerengera zoposa 90% zapadziko lonse lapansi, ndipo 80% ya izo zidagulitsidwa m'misika yaku Europe ndi America. Malinga ndi zomwe Leyi adachita, mu 2019, mayiko ndi zigawo zokwana 218 padziko lonse lapansi zidagula e-ndudu kuchokera ku China, ndipo mtengo waku China wogulitsa kunja udali yuan 76.585 biliyoni.